Why Africa is Poor
Africa is the poorest continent on Earth. One in three Africans lives below the global poverty line. This is not just because of external factors, but also because of internal factors. There are a variety of reasons for this, but most of the causes can be traced back to a single root.
The primary reason for Africa’s low economic development is corruption. Many people in Africa rely on public services to get by, but this is not always possible. As a result, many people are forced to pay bribes to obtain the services they need. This practice has widened the gap between rich and poor in Africa.
Another cause of poverty in Africa is inefficient agricultural practices. Rather than using machines, farmers in Africa often resort to traditional methods to produce food. The result is a decrease in the production of food per person. This has left many countries impoverished.
Lack of health and education is a common cause of poverty in Africa. Over half of the population is not able to attend school. This leads to high rates of crime and sexual health issues among adolescents. In addition, girls are more likely to be denied education because of social norms.
Other causes of poverty in Africa include economic insecurity and civil war. During the past five decades, Africa has seen several political upheavals. These conflicts have exacerbated the misery of poor nations. These countries lack the security to build and maintain infrastructure and to develop a healthy economy. They are also exposed to terrorist activities.
The lack of basic services such as electricity, safe water, and sanitation contribute to poor living conditions in African countries. In addition, there is an increasing rate of HIV and AIDS in African nations. Combined with poor healthcare and education, these problems are further exacerbating the problem of poverty.
Despite the wealth of its natural resources, Africa is still a developing country. The population is expected to double by 2050. As a result, the number of deprived people in the region will increase by 20 million. Moreover, the absolute number of poor will rise by almost 3 percent over the next decade. This means that Africa’s inability to address extreme poverty will continue. Ultimately, the only way to alleviate this problem is to focus on addressing the internal causes of poverty.
A third of the youth between the ages of 12 and 14 are not in school. Children are not taught the correct ways of eating, drinking, and cleaning. This leads to unhygienic living conditions and an increased risk of disease.
The lack of economic opportunities for women in Africa has a negative impact on the quality of life of women and children. The lack of education and employment also prevents poor households from taking full advantage of growth. In addition, low asset ownership hinders the ability of households to take advantage of economic opportunities.
Despite the wealth of natural resources that can be found in Africa, the continent is also plagued by poor governance and poor healthcare. In fact, many of the nations that are considered developed have a poor record of government service. In fact, the majority of the money sent to the continent by foreign governments has been misappropriated by corrupt governments. This has a hefty cost on the native populations.